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National AIDS Coordinating Agency (NACA)
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Protection against HIV/AIDS
Does circumcision in males protect against HIV?

There is very strong evidence showing that circumcised men are about half as likely as uncircumcised men to acquire HIV through heterosexual sex. However, circumcision does not make a man immune to HIV infection; it just means that it is less likely to happen. Male circumcision probably has little or no preventive benefit for women. However, circumcised men should wear condoms every time they have sex.

How effective are latex condoms in preventing HIV

Even though there's no absolute guarantee even when you use a condom, most experts believe that the risk of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections can be greatly reduced if a condom is used properly. In other words, sex with condoms isn't totally "safe sex," but it is "less risky" sex. Several studies have demonstrated that latex condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV transmission when used correctly and consistently. It has been documented that even with repeated sexual contact, 98-100% of those people who used latex condoms consistently and correctly remained uninfected

Can we use male and female condoms at the same time?

NO, only you and your partner can choose which one to use because there is no double protection and   the two condoms are made from different materials (male condoms are made of latex rubber and female condoms from polyuthrane which is a plastic material) they cannot be used at the same time. Condoms must be used properly and consistently

How do I protect other people from my HIV?

Things you should do

Abstain from sex. The surest way to avoid transmission of STIs, including a different strain of HIV, is to not have sexual intercourse.
Use condoms correctly and consistently. Correct and consistent use of the male or female condom can reduce the risk for STI transmission. However, no protective method is 100% effective. Condom use cannot guarantee absolute protection against any STI.
If you are allergic to latex, you can use polyurethane condoms.
Condoms lubricated with spermicides are no more effective than other lubricated condoms in protecting against the transmission of HIV and other STIs.
If you use condoms incorrectly, they can slip off or break, which reduces their protective effects. Inconsistent use, such as not using condoms with every act of intercourse, can lead to STI transmission because transmission can occur with just one act of intercourse.
Use protection during oral sex. A condom or dental dam (a square piece of latex used by dentists) can be used. Do not reuse these items.
Inform others that you have HIV.
Tell people you’ve had sex with. This can be difficult, but they need to know so they can get the help they need. Your local public health department may help you find these people and tell them they have been exposed to HIV. If they have HIV, this may help them get care and avoid spreading HIV to others.
Tell people you are planning on having sex with. Practicing safe sex will help protect your health and that of your partners.
If you are a man and had sex with a woman who became pregnant, you need to tell the woman that you have HIV, even if you are not the father of the baby. If she has HIV, she needs to get early medical care for her own health and her baby’s health.


How can one stay healthy with a HIV positive status?

Positive Living

How can one stay healthy with a HIV positive status?
There are many things you can do for yourself to stay healthy. Here are a few:

Make sure you have a health care provider who knows how to treat HIV.
Begin treatment promptly once your health care provider tells you to.
Keep your appointments and follow the guidance of the health care providers.
If your doctor prescribes medicine for you, take the medicine just the way he or she tells you to because taking only some of your medicine gives your HIV infection more chance to fight back. If you get sick from your medicine, inform your health care providers promptly for advice; don’t make changes to your medicine on your own or because of advice from friends.
Get immunizations to prevent infections such as pneumonia and flu. The health care providers will tell you when to get these shots.
Practice safer sex to reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or another strain of HIV.
If you smoke or use drugs not prescribed by your doctor, quit immediately.
Eat healthy food, fresh fruits, and plenty of water. This will help keep you strong, keep your energy and weight up, and help your body protect itself.
Exercise regularly. Get enough sleep and rest.
Take time to relax and stay away from stressful relationships or activities. Many people find that meditation or prayer; along with exercise and rest help them cope with the stress of having HIV or AIDS.
 

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