Ministry of Local Government (MLG)
BREAST CANCER
31/10/16
BREAST CANCER  Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. There are different kinds of breast cancer. The kind of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast turn into cancer.

BREAST CANCER

Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. There are different kinds of breast cancer. The kind of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast turn into cancer

Breast cancer can begin in different parts of the breast. A breast is made up of three main parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk. The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) surrounds and holds everything together. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts or lobules.

Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood vessels and lymph vessels. When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.

KINDS OF BREAST CANCER

The most common kinds of breast cancer are;

INVASIVE DUCTAL CARCINOMA

The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.

INVASIVE LOBULAR CARCINOMA

Cancer cells spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by and can also spread to other parts of the body.

SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER

The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the woman’s breast, or a lump. The majority of lumps are not cancerous; however, women should get them checked by a health care professional.

Women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms should tell their doctor;

• A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period and pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange

• A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits

• An area of thickened tissue in a breast

• The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted

• The size or the shape of the breast changes

• The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.

There are risk factors that have been identified to be associated with cancer which include getting older, Genetics, a history of breast cancer, having had certain types of breast lumps, dense breast tissue, estrogen exposure, obesity, height, alcohol consumption, radiation exposure and HRT (hormone replacement therapy. Some of these factors like aging and height cannot be changed but one can help lower the risk of breast cancer by taking care of their health in the following ways

• Keep a healthy weight.

• Don’t drink alcohol, or limit alcoholic drinks to no more than one per day.

• Avoid exposure to chemicals that can cause cancer (carcinogens) and chemicals that interfere with the normal function of the body.

• Limit exposure to radiation from medical imaging tests like X-rays, CT scans, and PET scans if not medically necessary.

• Breastfeed any children you may have, if possible.

Staying healthy throughout your life will lower your risk of developing cancer, and.

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