Zones for Specialized Commercial Farming
Prime areas zoned for specialized commercial farming should not be exempted from integrated farming.
Livestock Ranches/Game Farms
Proportion of land to be used for integrated farming within ranches and game farms should be left open.
Designated Crop Production Farms (Horticulture included)
a. Livestock (cattle, goats, sheep and equines) is permitted in designated crop production farms provided the methods of upkeep and husbandry are compatible with the land use.
b. Intensive agriculture enterprises (poultry, piggery, beekeeping and fisheries) can be integrated.
Mixed Farming Areas
This refers to land parcels located in communal land adjacent and around cities, urban centres, villages, peri-urban centres, and highly density areas/districts which are used for various agricultural activities.
a. Land parcels allocated for agriculture shall be allocated as Integrated Farms.
b. Land allocations for Integrated Farms shall be done under both Customary and Common Law Land Grant.
c. Land allocated for Integrated Farms must be fenced in order to practice integrated farming. The fence should be such that it contains all farming activities within the farm
d. All land use activities shall be confined to the fenced land parcel.
e. In Drift/Cluster fenced areas, individuals who wish to engage in Integrated Farming shall be required to fence their land parcels to avoid conflict with neighbours.
f. These uses shall include homesteads\farm house, storage facilities, poultry, arable/fodder production and agro-tourism.
g. In order for existing arable fields to qualify for integrated farming, they must be fenced. Once fenced, Integrated Farming is automatically allowed.
h. Cattle production shall be allowed in Integrated Farms only under Intensive Production (feedlot/dairy) BUT shall only be confined to the allocated land parcel.
i. Dairy farming is not compatible with poultry, piggery or ostrich production because of the high hygienic standards required in dairy farming: the incidence of cross contamination and infections in dairy animals and products can be high if these enterprises are carried out side by side with dairy.
j. Dairy farming is very compatible with both arable farming and horticultural production: crop residue can be used as dairy feed, dairy feed can be produced /planted side by side with crops for human consumption and manure and waste water from dairy farms can be used for crop/horticultural production.
k. Dairy farming is also compatible with beef cattle production and smallstock; Dual purpose cattle can be milked. Smallstock are browsers, that is, they feed on trees and shrubs while dairy cattle feed on grass, thus the two species assist in balancing range management.
l. Table 1 shall serve as a guide to compatible agricultural enterprises.
Cattle Post Areas
To protect communal grazing areas, fenced farming shall not be allowed in the cattle post areas. Areas to be fenced are those deemed feasible for Commercial Livestock Production, following detailed Fencing Feasibility Studies.