THE NATIONAL POLICY ON GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
The Government of Botswana on Wednesday 18th March 2015 approved the National Policy on Gender and Development (NPGAD). The NPGAD replaces the Women in Development Policy (WID) of 1996.This Policy will enable the country to align itself with the international and regional protocols in addressing gender and development issues.
The NPGAD provides a framework for including the gender perspective in all activities of Government and other sectors, as well as civil society, thereby promoting the full and equal participation of women and men in a transformative development process. The NPGAD has at its core, a recognition and appreciation of the differences between women and men; differences that are based on physiological and biological; as well as social realities. The long term goal of the NPGAD is to reduce inequalities in the opportunities and outcomes of social, economic, cultural; and legal development for both men and women.
The specific objectives of the NPGAD are to;
· Create a conducive environment for gender equality and women’s empowerment by addressing factors that contribute to gender inequalities and inequities in Botswana
· Advocate for the development of an effective National Gender Machinery and ensure that significant partners and stakeholders are enrolled in the programming and activities of the machinery
· Promote gender mainstreaming in the processes of development planning, policy formulation, legislation and implementation thereof
· Establish gender analysis as a precursor for policy formulation, programme for policy formulations, programme development and interventions.
· Promote evidence based research to inform programming
· Establish a framework for implementing and institutionalising gender equality initiatives, with strong mechanisms for coordination, monitoring, evaluation and accountability
The National Policy on Gender and Development provides guidance, direction, coordination and facilitation on gender and development programming. It is anticipated that this will improve the implementation of Botswana’s commitment to international obligations for the achievement of gender equality, objectives of the millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Vision 2016 and National Development Plans. The approach employed by this policy highlights with greater focus, the expectation of national commitment to provide development and improved wellbeing to women, men, girls and boys on an equal and non-discriminatory basis.
The NPGAD addresses the following priority areas: i) Economic Development, Prosperity and Poverty Eradication to achieve sustainable development; ii) Social Protection and Social Services; iii) Political Power, Democratic Governance and Decision Making; iv) Access to Justice, Protection of Human Rights and Freedom from Violence V) Special Measures Targeting Vulnerable Groups of men, women, girls and boys cutting across the areas outlined above.