Generally, scavenging chickens are not housed except possibly at night, because they must be allowed to find their own food at minimal cost. As a result, birds sleep on trees, piles of bricks/blocks, old vehicles, bush fences, walls, under roof overhangs or on top of the huts, thus exposing themselves to the risks of predation, climatic hazards and theft.
Minimal housing is provided at night, for protection from predators, and an enclosure of some type for part of the day is used to facilitate egg collection. The risk of predation and theft is common with birds that are not confined at night than with those that are.When shelters are provided, they are often made of materials that are easily available such as old tins, iron sheets, plastic bags and thatch grass. Shelters are usually built at the back of the owner’s houses/huts. The roof may be of grass thatch or galvanised iron sheets. Because of the nature of the housing system, predators, particularly cats, may cause losses in chicks. Both adult and young males are the major contributors in constructing shelters.