The Botswana Telecommunications Authority regulates and licenses all telecommunications activities in Botswana.The sector is currently undergoing further liberalization with a new Telecommunications Act and an independent regulatory body established to oversee the diversification of the industry. Botswana Telecommunication Corporation (BTC) has one of the best digital networks in Africa having achieved nearly 100 per cent digitalisation. The teledensity of 4.0 (exchange lines per 100 population) is one of the highest in Southern Africa. A satellite supported international access allows for direct dialling to at least 180 countries around the world.
Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC)
Distance from Major Centers - Gaborone, the capital city is 380 km from Johannesburg; 1510 km from Cape Town; 990 km from Harare; 600 km from Bulawayo and 1365 from Lusaka.
The national carrier, Air Botswana, operates several scheduled flights within the country and in the region.
Regional flights are also serviced by South African Express Airways and a number of smaller private charter air services operate throughout the country.
Rail Transport and Dry Port Facility
Botswana Railways (BR) forms part of a crucial link in the regional railway network system. Through Spoornet of the Republic of South Africa (RSA) in the south, and National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) in the north, Botswana Railways (BR) provides a connection to Namibia and Swaziland and a continuous rail link to Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania and Malawi. Botswana Railways operates containerised Dry Port facilities in the capital Gaborone, in north-eastern Botswana in Francistown and Selibe-Phikwe in the country’s centre. These serve as dry port facilities for locally based importers and exporters, offering containerised door-to-door delivery.
Botswana is at the centre of the Southern African region and easily accessible by roads from all major regional centers.
The Trans-Kalahari Highway is a 595-kilometre corridor which links the capitals of Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone), and serves as a strategic link in the Maputo-Walvis Bay Economic Corridor. It plays an international role as it provides cheaper access routes to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zimbabwe as well as making game reserves and other tourist attractions more accessible.
A Corridor Planning Committee, involving Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, has been established to promote the utilisation of the Trans-Kalahari Highway and Walvis Bay Port.
Botswana also has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with members of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) with the objective of ensuring equitable distribution of cross-border traffic to achieve parity among member States.